Christina Ani Setyaningsih, Eko Budi Lelono, Iskandar Firdaus


The palynological study of the Jambi Sub-basin, South Sumatera is carried out to construct biostratigraphy of the identifi ed formation. The palynological analysis provides an age interpretation as well as environment of depositional interpretation. The study uses outcrop samples which were collected from Merangin River, Muara Jernih and Mengupeh areas. The age of the studied sediment ranges from Early to Middle Miocene. The top Middle Miocene age is identifi ed by the occurrence of pollen Florschuetzia levipoli and Florschuetzia meridionalis, whilst the base of Early Miocene is marked by the appearance of nannoplankton Sphenolithus compactust. The studied sediment cropping out at the Merangin River and Muara Jernih area interpreted as Talang Akar Formation was deposited in a lower delta plain to delta front during Early Miocene. In the Mengupeh area, this sediment shifted landward into upper delta plain to lower delta plain environment during Middle Miocene.


Jambi sub-basin, Talang Akar Formation, Palynology

Full Text:



Adisaputra, M. K., Hendrizan, M. & Kholiq, A. 2010. Katalog Foraminifera Perairan Indonesia. Puslitbang Geologi Kelautan, Balitbang ESDM, Kementerian ESDM, p. 198.

Barber, A. J. & Crow, M. J. 2003. Evaluation of Plate Tectonic Model for the Development of Sumatra. Gondwana Research, 20, pp. 1–28.

Barber, A. J. 2000. The Origin of the Woyla Terranes in Sumatra and the Late Mesozoic Evolution of the Sundaland Margin. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 18, pp. 713–738.

Bown, P. R. 2012. Calcareous Nannoplankton Biostratigraphy. Kluwer Academic Publisher, London.

BouDagher-Fadel, M, K. 2012. Biostratigraphic and Geological Signifi cance of Planktonic Foraminifera. Elsevier, p. 289.

Clure, J. 1991. Spreading Centers and their Effect on Oil Generation in the Sunda Region. Proceedings of the 20th Annual Convention, Indonesian Petroleum Association , Vol. 1, pp. 37–48

De Coster, G. G. 1974. The geology of the Central and South Sumatra Basins. Proceedings of the 3th Annual Convention, Indonesian Petroleum Association, Vol. 1, pp. 77–110.

Doust, H. & Noble, R.A. 2008. Petroleum systems of Indonesia. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 25, pp. 103–129.

Hermiyanto, M. H. & Ningrum, N. S. 2009. Organic Petrology and Rock-Eval Characteristics in Selected Surfi cial Samples of the Tertiary Formation, South Sumatra Basin. Jurnal Geologi Indonesia, Vol. 4, pp. 215-227.

Hutchison, C. S. 1996. South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal and Mineral Deposits. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Simanjuntak, T. O., Budhitrisna, T., Surono, Gafour, S. & Amin, T. C. 1994. Peta Geologi Lembar Muara Bungo, Sumatra. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi, Bandung.

Suwarna, N. 2006. Permian Mengkarang Coal Facies and Environment, Based on Organic Petrology Study. Jurnal Geologi Indonesia, Vol. 1, pp. 1-8.

Suwarna, N., Suharso, Gafour, S., Amin, T. C., Kuswara & Hermanto, B. 1992. Peta Geologi Lembar Sarolangun, Sumatra. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi, Bandung.

Rahardjo, A. T., Polhaupessy, A. A., Wiyono, S., Nugrahaningsih, L. & Lelono, E. B. 1994. Zonasi Polen Tersier Pulau Jawa. Makalah PIT IAGI, ke 23, Jakarta.

Williams, H. H., Fowler, M. & Eubank, R. T. 1995. Characteristics of Selected Palaeogene and Cretaceous Lacustrine Source Basins of Southeast Asia. In: Lambiase, J. J. (ed.) Hydrocarbon Habitat in Rift Basins. Geological Society of London, Special Publication, 80

Winantris, Sudradjat, A., Syafri, I. & Rahardjo, A. T. 2014. Diversitas Polen Palmae Pada Endapan Delta Mahakam Resen. Makalah PIT IAGI, ke 43, Jakarta.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.