Garis Besar Rencana Penelitian dan Pengembangan Adsorben untuk Distribusi dan Penyimpanan Bahan Bakar Gas Skala Rendah

Yusep Kartiwa Caryana


Pengurangan subsidi melalui substitusi minyak tanah sektor rumah tangga oleh Bahan Bakar Gas (BBG) terkendala oleh keterbatasan jaringan pipa distribusi gas. Badan usaha distribusi gas bumi yang berorientasi profit center kurang berminat mengembangkan jaringan pipa gas ke konsumen rumah tangga yang tersebar dan memiliki tingkat konsumsi BBG yang sangat rendah karena alasan keekonomian. Oleh karena itu, PPPTMGB LEMIGAS selalu melakukan penelitian dan pengembangan teknologi alternatif distribusi dan penyimpanan BBG tekanan dan skala rendah guna menanggulangi keterbatasan jaringan pipa distribusi gas untuk mensubstitusi minyak tanah sektor rumah tangga oleh BBG. Salah satu teknologi alternatif distribusi dan penyimpanan BBG tekanan dan skala rendah yang dipertimbangkan PPPTMGB LEMIGAS untuk dikembangkan adalah teknologi adsorben BBG, yang menggunakan bahan baku karbon aktif dari naturally fiber (fiber alami) beserta zat perekat yang dikompres pada tekanan dan temperatur tertentu. Teknologi adsorben BBG ini dipertimbangkan untuk dikembangkan karena bahan baku adsorben dan zat perekat organik tersedia dengan melimpah di Indonesia. Selain itu, proses sintesa adsorben BBG menggunakan teknologi yang relatif sederhana sehingga akan dapat menggunakan kemampuan nasional secara maksimal. Penelitian dan pengembangan teknologi adsorben BBG yang dilaksanakan di PPPTMGB LEMIGAS berfokus pada pembentukan adsorben BBG kinerja tinggi melalui parameter kinerja adsorben yaitu kapasitas adsorsi dan desorpsi BBG yang tinggi, kinetika adsorpsi yang baik, sifat mekanik yang unggul, stabilitas dan durabillitas tinggi, ketersediaaan bahan baku serta sintesa yang efektif dan efisien.

Kata Kunci

Rencana pengembangan adsorben gas

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